Urinary tract infections affect over half of all women at some point in life and can be chronic for nearly 25 percent of women. Menopausal women have an increased risk of recurrent urinary tract infections.
Postmenapausal women have low levels of estrogen, low levels of antimicrobial peptides, as well as changes to the lining of the the urinary tract. This allows bacteria to cause infection more easily.
A new study from Karolinska Institute in Sweden found that estrogen stimulates the production of the body’s own antibiotic and strengthens the cells in the urinary tract. By increasing the level of estrogen, the cells lining the bladder are strengthened. This increases the body’s defenses resulting in a lower incidence of urinary tract infections.